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How to write an assignment?



When you’re undertaking tertiary study there are often a lot of assignments and writing to do, which can be daunting at first. The most important thing to remember is to start - and start early.


If you give yourself enough time to plan, do your research, write and revise your assignment you won’t have to rush to meet your deadline, Once you’ve started, you’ll also have something down on paper or on screen that you can improve on.


Using the step below will help your assignment to become do-able, interesting and even enjoyable.


Step 1: Plan


Step 2: Analyse the question


Step 3: Draft an outline


Step 4: Find information


Step 5: Write


Step 6: Edit and proofread



Step 1: Plan

Planning your assignment will help you get focused and keep you on track.

Check how much your assignment is worth and what percentage of the final mark it. This will help you decide how much time to spend on it.

Check the marking schedule to see what your tutor will be looking for when they mark your work and how the marks will be assigned. This will help you know what to focus on. If there is no marketing schedule check the assignment question to see if the information is there.

Think about what you need to do to complete your assignment (for example, what research, writing drafts,reference checking, reviewing and editing, etc). Break these up into a list of tasks to do.

Give each task a deadline, working backwards from your assignment due date.


Step 2: Analyse the question

Before you can answer a question, you need to know what it means. Read it slowly and carefully, and try to understand what’s expected of you. Ask yourself:

What is the Question about? What’s the topic?

What does the Question means?

What do I have to do?


To help you understand the Question, try rewriting it using your own words using the format below:

‘This assignment is about_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _I have to _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _’


When you are analysing the question:

Looks for words that tell you what to do (instructional words). For example, analyse, compare, contrast, etc.

Check the meaning of the words used.

Looks for topic words, which tell you what you have to write about.

Looks for restricting word, which limit the topic and make it more specification.


You can also check for additional information about the assignment and what’s expected of you in the course materials or on your course page or forums.https://www.monash.edu/rlo


Step 3: Draft an outline

Drafting an outline will give you a structure to follow when it comes to writing your assignment. The type of assignment you are doing will give you a broad structure, but you should also check the question and marketing schedule, as they will help you understand how the lecturer expects the topic to be structured, what must be included, and which sections are worth the most marks.

From there you can create your outline, using headings and gaps for the information you have to fill in.Types of assignment - Student Services - The

University of ...


Step 4: Find information

Before you start writing, you need to research your topic and find relevant and reliable information. You will find some in your course materials and recommended readings, but you can also try:

The open polytechnic Library.

Your local public library.

Talking to experts.

Online sources.

Once you have found information, the next step will be to evaluate it to ensure it is right for your assignment. For more on how to research and evaluating information.

Step 5: Write

Once you’ve found the information you need it is time to bring it altogether and write your assignment.


Write your first draft

Use your outline and fill in the gaps, writing your main points for each section.

Write freely, getting as much down as you can without worrying about the wording being 100% right.

You may find it easiest to start with the conclusion so that you know which direction your writing is heading, or the background.

The introduction is often the hardest to write, so leave that till last.

Don’t spend too much time trying to make this draft perfect as it will change!


Fine tune

Revise your first draft, and check that it makes sense and includes everything it needs to.

Fine tune the wording, and make sure your writing flows well.

Make sure you keep different copies of your drafts as you may want to go back to them.

Leave the writing for a day, read it, and fine tune again.

Compile your bibliography or reference list.

Step 6: Edit and proofread

Once you’ve written your assignment, you can improve it by editing and proofreading, but before you do take a break. Even a short break helps you to get some distance from your work so that you can check your assignment with a fresh eye.


Looks at the big picture

Have you answered the question you were set? Check your assignment against the marketing schedule as well as the question.

Is the structure correct?

Have you included all relevant parts?

Is the content logically arranged?

Does your assignment read well, with each section flowing smoothly on to the next? A good way to check this is to read it aloud.

Have you used your own words and acknowledged all your sources?

Is your assignment well presented?



Check the details

Have you used academic English?

Checker the grammar, Punctuation, and spelling. Don’t just use a spell checker.

Check your referencing- have you acknowledged all work that isn’t your own? Is your APA referencing correct?

Are your pages numbered?

Have you included your name, student ID, the assignment details and the date on each page?

Before you submit your assignment, print it out and check it one last time. It’s often easier to spot errors in print than on screen.

Once you’re happy, submit your assignment.

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